Dr. Marianne S. Breslin received her medical education in Germany, graduating form the Medical Academy of Duesseldorf in 1946. After a residency in general surgery, internal medicine, and in thoracic surgery, she came to the US under a government fellowship under the Marshall Plan to Presbyterian Hospital in New York City in 1951. She came to North Carolina with her husband in 1952. She received psychiatric residency training at the combined program of Dorothea Dix Hospital and North Carolina Memorial Hospital of the University of North Carolina in the 1950s. She was offered a faculty position in the Department of Psychiatry of the School of Medicine at the University of North Carolina in 1960. Dr. Breslin was assistant administrator of the Adult Psychiatric Outpatient Clinic and was involved in supervision of residents in psychotherapy and family therapy. She was involved in research projects and was a member of a subcommittee to study curriculum changes in the residency training program at UNC. During this time she also was in the psychoanalytic training program. In 1968m Dr. Breslin resigned with the intention of entering the private practice of psychiatry. However, she received an invitation to join the faculty of the Department of Psychiatry at Duke University Medical School. From 1968 to 1986, Dr. Breslin was associate professor of psychiatry and head of the Psychosomatic Division. She was involved in the training programs for psychiatric training from residents and medical students in psychosomatic medicine and the consultation service to other specialties. She was involved in research in the area of personality traits in strokes and heart attacks in unresolved grief reactions in psychosomatic disorders and the application of family therapy to psychosomatic patients. She was a consultant to Watts Hospital, John Umstead Hospital, and the Durham Veterans Hospital. She served on many committees in the medical school and was a consultant to the Comprehensive Cancer Research Program and to the Pain Clinic. She received the Residents Teacher Award and other honors. She is a distinguished fellow of the American Psychiatric Association and of the North Carolina Psychiatric Association and the North Carolina District Branch. She served as president of the North Carolina Psychiatric Association in 1979-1980, and she is a fellow in the Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine and the American Psychosomatic Society and many other organizations. She is a member of the American Psychoanalytic Association and the International Psychoanalytic Association. After her retirement from Duke University Medical School, Dr. Breslin had a practice in general psychiatry, psychosomatic medicine, and psychoanalysis. She continued as a consultant to the Veterans Hospital in Durham and served as a consultant to the Social Security Disability Determination until 2006. She continues in private practice on a limited basis.
Dr. Rebecca Buckley was born in 1933 in Hamlet, North Carolina. She graduated with an A.B. from Duke University in 1954 and an MD from the University of North Carolina School of Medicine in 1958, and she then continued her training and became a faculty member in the Department of Pediatrics at Duke University Medical Center. Dr. Buckley studied pediatric allergy with Dr. Susan Dees in the Division of Pediatric Allergy at Duke, and was the chief of the division of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology from 1974 to 2003.
Dr. Buckley studies and maintains a remarkable success rate with a surgical technique for babies with severe combined immunodeficiency, or "bubble boy disease," which enables significant numbers of SCID babies to develop normal immune systems through the removal of T-cells from donor bone marrow. Dr. Buckley was named the J. Buren Sidbury Professor of Pediatrics in 1979, a position she continues to hold currently; she was the first female at Duke Medical School to be given a distinguished professorship. Dr. Buckley has written extensively, served on numerous committees, has been elected to the Institute of Medicine, and has been given many awards, including the William G. Anlyan Lifetime Achievement Award from the Duke Medical Alumni Association, in 2006.
Dr. Sheila Counce-Nicklas was born in 1927 in Hayes Center, Nebraska. She received her BA and MA from the University of Colorado, in 1948 and 1950 respectively. She received her PhD from the University of Edinburgh, in developmental genetics in 1954 after serving as a Fulbright Fellow (1950-1951, 1951-1952) and an American Association of University Women Fellow (1952-1953). Dr. Counce was also a Macauley Fellow at the University of Edinburgh (1955-1956) and a National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow in Zurich (1956-1957).
After serving as research assistant (1958-1959), lecturer (1958-1959), and research associate (1958-1965) at Yale, Dr. Counce came to Duke to serve as a research associate in zoology. She joined the Department of Anatomy in 1967 as one of the first women in the department and ultimately became full professor in the department in 1978. Her research focused on sex differences among insects, on which she published widely. She also has been active in a number of professional associations, and has served as the director of graduate studies for the department, and on the Appointments and Promotions Committee of Trinity College, and the Admissions Committee at Duke University School of Medicine.
Dr. Lois Pounds received her bachelor's of science in nursing at the University of Pittsburgh in 1955, and her master of letters and MD also from the University of Pittsburgh, in 1960 and 1965, respectively. After serving as a staff nurse and nursing instructor at the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, she came to Duke in 1969 as an assistant professor in the Department of Pediatrics. She directed the outpatient services of the department and also taught nursing courses at Duke School of Nursing 1971-1974. Dr. Pounds was only one of several women in the Department of Pediatrics upon her arrival, as well a one of a small percentage in the medical center. She has served Duke in numerous capacities, often as the lone female on various medical center committees.
In 1974, Dr. Pounds returned to the University of Pittsburgh as an associate professor of pediatrics, and in 1979 became the associate dean for admissions. Beginning in 1984, she served as associate dean for student affairs at the University of Pittsburgh, and in 1987 returned to Duke as an associate clinical professor of pediatrics and associate dean for medical education and the director of medical school admissions. As such she was an advocate of women's admissions into medical school. Dr. Pounds is retired but continues her involvement in the Duke community as a volunteer and as a member of the board of directors at the Sarah P. Duke Gardens, a docent at the Duke Chapel, and in other capacities.
Catherine Wilfert was born July 26, 1936, in Inglewood, California. She graduated from Stanford College in 1958 with distinction and attended Harvard Medical School where she graduated cum laude. Dr. Wilfert's internship was at Boston Children's Hospital, and her residency was at North Carolina Baptist Hospital. In 1964, Dr. Wilfert returned to Boston where she continued to work in pediatrics and medicine. In 1969, she came to Duke University School of Medicine, where she achieved the rank of division chief of Pediatric Infectious Diseases in the Department of Pediatrics (1976-1994) and professor in the Department of Microbiology and Immunology. In 1996, she left Duke to become the scientific director of the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation.
Dr. Wilfert's work since the onset of AIDS has primarily been focused on the eradication of pediatric AIDS, and she is considered a seminal investigator in the field. Her clinical trial group demonstrated the efficacy of using doses of AZT to reduce the incidence of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Due to the application of this knowledge, pediatric AIDS in the United States has been reduced by 75 percent. Dr. Wilfert now works to reduce mother-to-infant transmission of AIDS in developing countries around the world. She is also currently the chair of the Perinatal Working Group for the Prevention Trials Network (HPTN), sponsored by NIH.
Dr. Wilfert has been on the editorial board of numerous publications and has served as a consultant for private companies as well as US and state governments. In 1999, she became only the second woman President in the history of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. She is the recipient of many awards including the Award of Recognition for Outstanding Contributions to Advancing the Prevention of Perinatal Transmission at A Global Strategies Conference for the Prevention of HIV Transmission from Mothers to Infants in 1997. She also received a Lifetime Achievement Award in HIV from the Third International Meeting on HIV in India in 2001, and was given the Distinguished Award of Honor for Love of Humanity Especially in the Third World from the Cameroon Baptist Convention on Occasion of Its 50th Anniversary Celebration, in 2004. She was inducted to the Institute of Medicine in 1999.